Glossary W

W WAN. See Wide area network. Web 2.0: In a computer environment, a term used to refer to changes in the way that World Wide Web technology is used, in order to enhance creativity, information sharing and functionality in a web-based environment. Computer tools created to support Web 2.0 information sharing include social networking sites, wikis, blogs, social bookmarking, collaborative editing tools, media sharing services … Continue reading Glossary W

Glossary V

V Value for money. See Cost effectiveness. Values-based appraisal: In a records and archives environment, the assessment of the worth of records based on specific criteria, such as the historical evidence they contain; the information they convey about events, trends, activities or functions; or their potential use. Version control: In a records and archives environment, the management of documents or records in order to keep … Continue reading Glossary V

Glossary U

U Uniform resource locator (URL): In a computer environment, the global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web. URLs can point to executable files that can be retrieved using a network protocol called FTP or file transfer protocol; URLs can also point to web pages that can be retrieved using a network protocol called HTTP or hypertext transfer protocol. See also … Continue reading Glossary U

Glossary T

T Tape. See Magnetic tape. Target. See Performance indicator. Taxonomy: The classification of information according to a pre-determined system providing a conceptual framework for retrieval. Typically, taxonomies consist of groups of similar entities organised in a hierarchical structure, related by presumed relationships amongst the different entities. TCP / IP. See Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. Technical requirements: In a computer environment, the programming specifications … Continue reading Glossary T

Glossary S

S Sampling: In a records and archives environment, the selection of items from a body of records in order to provide a representation of the whole body while not retaining every document. Scanning: In a computer environment, the process of converting an image into a form that a computer can use. See also Optical character recognition. Scheme of service: In a business or government environment, … Continue reading Glossary S

Glossary R

R RAM. See Random access memory. Random access memory (RAM): In a computer environment, an area within the computer system that temporarily holds a user’s data, operating system instructions and program instructions while the computer processes the data and generates the desired results. The word ‘random’ refers to the fact that any piece of data can be moved or stored anywhere in the system but … Continue reading Glossary R

Glossary P

P Part: In a records and archives environment, one of a number of physical units to which a file has been subdivided, usually chronologically, as it has increased in size. Also known as a volume or part file. Part file. See Part. Particular instance papers. See Case papers / files. Peer-to-peer network: In a computer environment, a type of network in which each computer workstation … Continue reading Glossary P

Glossary O

O Objective: In a business or government environment, a specific goal identified to support an  rganisation’s mission or functions; the objective is intended to be accomplished within a specified time. Office systems: In a computer environment, software applications that are used in a business or organisation to support such tasks as creating and managing word processed documents, spreadsheets and email. Open Archival Information System (OAIS): … Continue reading Glossary O

Glossary N

N Network server: In a computer environment, a computer system that serves as a central repository of data and software programs shared by users who can access those resources through a computer network. Network. See Computer network. Node: In a computer environment, a processing location in a computer network. Non-current records: Records no longer needed for the conduct of current business. Also known as inactive … Continue reading Glossary N